Moving forward to automated, systemized construction “assembly lines”
Moving forward to automated, systemized construction
There are several typical production processes. On one end of the spectrum are line flow processes, in which many identical products are manufactured on an automated line. On the other end of the spectrum are one-of-a-kind processes for unique, one-off products. In between are the batch shop and job shop processes which have several production stations with various customization levels.
Traditionally, construction projects are considered “one-of–a-kind”, but this thought ignores the repetitiveness of these projects. Every job in the construction project can be viewed as a production station in a factory, but unlike typical assembly lines, the construction project stations move through various spaces, which are sub-products. For example: typical apartment, identical rooms in each unit etc. That said, customization and clients’ demands lead to a different final product (apartment, office etc.), so the production process must be flexible to match the dynamic nature of the project.
It is possible to apply two main aspects of industrial production even to the most complex construction projects:
- Standardization: planning and licensing, contracts and sales, customer service, quality control and scheduling.
- Stability: using technology that provides a current status report (Micro and Macro) to enable full control of the various elements involved in the project.
A construction company that adopts this systemized production management will consistently improve by repeating and enhancing the company’s successes.